Life of an Aviator Honored: Air Base Bears 桃瘾社区 Alum鈥檚 Name

a group of soldiers in World War I uniforms stand around a car

2nd Lt. Samuel R. Keesler Jr. (far left) served with distinction in WWI. Today, Keesler Air Force Base bears his name.

Event

桃瘾社区 Veterans Day Memorial Service

The Chaplains' Office, Center for Civic Engagement and the 桃瘾社区 ROTC program invite all community members to at 3:30 p.m. on Friday, Nov. 10, to honor the lives and sacrifices of veterans within both the College and Town of 桃瘾社区 in this brief service.

In the event of inclement weather, the program will move to the R. David & Pamela Sprinkle Room in the Alvarez College Union.

The crews inside World War I military planes hurtled at 100 mph through enemy aircraft fire, protected by little more than canvas stretched over a wood frame. Wind and engine noise roared through the open cockpits, and pilots communicated with other aircraft using hand signals or wing waggles. The pilot or a second crew member, armed with noisy, rattling, malfunction-prone machine guns, fired at enemy aircraft, presuming they spotted them in time to act. 

Airplanes were only a decade old when the war started, in 1913, and the fledgling military aircraft were the furthest thing from today鈥檚 supersonic jet fighters. In aerial combat, crews faced a bone-jarring, chaotic and especially risky field of battle. Second Lt. Samuel R. Keesler Jr. left 桃瘾社区 for this environment in spring of 1917. 

He put aside plans to teach, skipped his college commencement and entered the U.S. Army鈥檚 Aviation Section. 

Keesler entered an extraordinarily dangerous arena of combat, said Douglas Lantry, acting chief of the research division at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, in Ohio.

鈥淓ngines would fail, guns would fail, the weather would fail,鈥 Lantry said. 鈥淭he life of an aviator was really contingent on all kinds of things.鈥 

More than a century later, the name on Keesler Air Force Base, in Biloxi, Mississippi, honors that 桃瘾社区 alum.

Answering the Call

Keesler grew up in a well-known family in Greenwood, Mississippi. His father was a cotton broker, a general in the Mississippi National Guard and, later, mayor of Greenwood. The elder Keesler was from York County, South Carolina, and the Presbyterian Keeslers owned a summer house in Montreat, North Carolina, a couple of hours from 桃瘾社区. 

A black and white photograph of a family sitting in an old car

The Keesler family in Greenwood, Mississippi

Keesler served as high school class president and salutatorian. At 桃瘾社区, he was elected student body president. 

鈥淭he lightest, nerviest, headiest player on our [football] team,鈥 the Quips and Cranks yearbook said, 鈥淪am is at the same time one of the best quarterbacks ever seen at 桃瘾社区.鈥

He and his brother, William, graduated from the college the same year, but so many seniors had enlisted that only around 20 attended commencement. Then-桃瘾社区 President William J. Martin Jr. traveled to Ft. Oglethorpe, Georgia, to hand diplomas to Keesler and several classmates, according to an Associated Press story.

Keesler proposed to his high school sweetheart, Fannie Walton Reeves, the class valedictorian, before he left to report for duty, and the two continued to exchange letters.

Distinguished Service

At Ft. Sill, Oklahoma, Keesler trained as an aerial observer, the crew member in the back seat of the airplane. He shipped out to France in March 1918. Pilot-observer teams flew behind enemy lines in reconnaissance aircraft to photograph or sketch out the location and strength of enemy forces. 

鈥淎n observer is assigned to spot infantry formations and how they鈥檙e moving and how big they are and where they鈥檙e coming from and what equipment they have,鈥 Lantry said. 鈥淗e鈥檚 supposed to see all these things from the air and make notes or take photographs. At the same time, he and his pilot have to keep a sharp eye out for enemy scouts, whose job is to shoot you down before you can gather information and get it back.鈥 

Keesler鈥檚 aircraft, a French plane, sustained heavy damage on his first flight, in September 1918, with the end of the war only weeks away, according to a profile in Air & Space Forces Magazine. 

鈥淚 never saw a fellow who was more anxious to do his work well,鈥 wrote 1st Lt. Stuart Gilchrist, who knew Keesler in France, in a letter from a declassified Air Force file. 鈥淎 half-done or poorly done mission didn鈥檛 satisfy Sam. He wanted results.鈥 

Keesler wrote a letter to his mother on Oct. 8, 1918, saying that he would fly another mission the following morning.

鈥淜eep on praying dearest mother,鈥 he wrote. 鈥淲e never know what鈥檚 going to happen.鈥 

The next day鈥檚 mission took him northeast of Verdun, France. At that time and place in the war, the Germans had introduced what likely was the best scout or fighter aircraft of the war, Lantry said. It could outmaneuver and overrun Keesler鈥檚 airplane. 

Keesler鈥檚 pilot, 1st Lt. H.W. Riley, wrote a letter after the mission recommending Keesler for a commendation. The Air Force provided a copy.

鈥淪hortly after we crossed the lines and before we had covered the assigned territory,鈥 Riley wrote, 鈥渇our [German planes] came from the French side of the line and attacked us. I am certain Lieut. Keesler shot down the leader, as he went down first, and I saw him go down in a steep nosedive.鈥 

The other German aircraft shot up Keesler鈥檚 and Riley鈥檚 plane, which spiraled down. Riley described Keesler as firing the whole way and being hit by six bullets. The pair survived the crash landing and were captured by German soldiers. Riley wrote that Keesler received no medical attention. 

鈥淎lthough he must have suffered terribly,鈥 Riley wrote, 鈥渉e showed wonderful self-control and won the admiration of all the German soldiers.鈥 

Keesler died the next day. He was 22 years old. He is buried in the Saint Mihiel American Cemetery and Memorial, in Thiaucourt, France. 

He was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and the World War I Victory Medal with Silver Star. 

In 1941, his parents attended the christening of a new Army airfield in Keesler鈥檚 honor.

鈥淲e are deeply conscious of the great honor conferred upon our family in naming this field after our boy,鈥 Keesler鈥檚 father wrote to the commanding officer of Keesler Field in February of that year, 10 months before the United States would be drawn into another war. 

Today Keesler Air Force Base serves as a training base for more than 30,000 military personnel from all branches, and civilians in air traffic control, communications-electronics, information management and a variety of other fields. 

When the 鈥淪pirit of Keesler鈥 training center was dedicated at the base, in 1978, his brother and two sisters attended. His sister, Charlotte, could not be there and dispatched a letter quoted during the ceremony: 

鈥淗e was gentle, kind, patient and wise for one so young, but a fierce competitor and a great fighter,鈥 she wrote. 鈥淗e had planned to devote his life to the teaching of young men and women, so his spirit will always hover over the 鈥楽pirit of Keesler Center鈥 and bless it.鈥 


The 桃瘾社区 Airfields

Three Army Air Corps bases in World War II were named after fliers from World War I who graduated from or attended 桃瘾社区. Two of those airfields are now Air Force bases and one became Charlotte鈥檚 airport. 

  • Keesler Air Force Base, in Biloxi, Mississippi, is named after 2nd Lt. Samuel Keesler, from Greenwood, Mississippi, and a 1917 graduate of 桃瘾社区. He was an aerial observer and was killed in combat in October 1918. 
  • Shaw Air Force Base, in Sumter, South Carolina, is named after Ervin David Shaw, of Alcolu, South Carolina, who attended 桃瘾社区 for two years, starting in 1911. He then studied at the University of Georgia before joining the Army and, once in Europe during the war, switching to the UK鈥檚 Royal Flying Corps as a pilot. He was shot down and killed over France in July 1918. 
  • Charlotte Army Air Field, in Charlotte, North Carolina, was developed as a Works Progress Administration program in the 1930s. The size and scope of the field expanded with the onset of World War II, and in January 1942 it was renamed Morris Field for Maj. William C. Morris, of Harrisburg, North Carolina, and a 1911 Graduate of 桃瘾社区. Morris served in France during World War I and at bases in the Philippines and the U.S. after the war. He was on the staff of the Chief of the Air Corps when he died in 1939, in Dayton, Ohio, from complications following surgery. The Army vacated Morris Field after the war, and the city purchased rights to the airstrip, which served as the precursor to what is now Charlotte Douglas International Airport.